Static Math Formulas

To render math contained in a document as a static (non-editable) formula, call renderMathInDocument() at the end of your document, or in a onload handler .

<script defer type="module">
  import { renderMathInDocument } from 'mathlive';

By default, any LaTeX code that is enclosed with the following delimiters will be rendered as math:

  • $$$$ – rendered in Display Style (CSS display block)
  • \[\] – rendered in Display Style (CSS display block)
  • \(\) – rendered in Text Style (CSS display inline)
<h1>Taxicab Number</h1>
<p>The second taxicab number is \\(1729 = 10^3 + 9^3 = 12^3 + 1^3\\)</p>

You can wrap more complex expressions in a <script> tag with a type of math/tex. This is the recommended approach for stand-alone formulas. One of the benefits of this approach is that the browser will not attempt to display the content of the <script> tag before it is typeset, avoiding an unsightly flash of LaTeX code on screen. If the type is "math/tex; mode=text" the inline text style will be used, otherwise if the type is "math/tex; mode=display", the display style will be used. If no mode is provided, the display style is used.

<h1>Quadratic roots</h1>
<script type="math/tex">
  ax^2+bx+c =
  \left( x - \frac{-b + \sqrt {b^2-4ac}}{2a} \right)
  \left( x - \frac{-b - \sqrt {b^2-4ac}}{2a} \right)

Elements with the following tags will be ignored for conversion: noscript, style, textarea, pre, code, annotation and annotation-xml.

If you dynamically generate content, call renderMathInElement(element) to render your element after the page has been loaded. This is a recursive call that will be applied to element and all its children.

It is possible to call renderMathInElement() and renderMathInDocument on elements and documents that have already been rendered, in which case they will be rendered again. This is useful if something in the environment changes that could require the layout to be updated.

The renderMathInElement() and renderMathInDocument() functions take an optional options object which can be used to customize their behavior:

  • skipTags: an array of tag names whose content will not be scanned for delimiters
  • processScriptType: <script> tags of the indicated type will be processed while others will be ignored. Default: "math/tex".
  • ignoreClass: a string used as a regular expression of class names of elements whose content will not be scanned for delimiters ('tex2jax_ignore' by default)
  • processClass: a string used as a regular expression of class names of elements whose content will be scanned for delimiters, even if their tag name or parent class name would have prevented them from doing so. ('tex2jax_process' by default)
  • TeX.processEnvironments: if false, math expression that start with \begin{ will not automatically be rendered. (true by default)
  • TeX.delimiters.inline and TeX.delimiters.display arrays of delimiters that will trigger a render of the content in ‘textstyle’ or ‘displaystyle’ style, respectively.
MathLive.renderMathInElement(document.getElementById('formulas'), {
  // Elements with a class of "instruction" or "source will be skipped
  ignoreClass: 'instruction|source',
  TeX: {
    delimiters: {
      // Allow math formulas surround by $...$ or \(...\)
      // to be rendered as textstyle content.
      inline: [
        ['$', '$'],
        ['\\(', '\\)'],
      display: [],

Read-only Mathfield

When a math formula is displayed as a static element using renderMathInDocument(), the formula is transformed into some static markup. As a result, only the markup content can be selected, not the underlying LaTex formula. Selection of a portion of the formula may also lead to unexpected results.

If preserving the ability to select a formula is important, consider using a read-only mathfield.

To create a read-only mathfield, add the read-only attribute to a <mathfield> element.

<math-field read-only style=" font-size: 32px; padding: 8px; border-radius: 8px; border: 1px solid rgba(0, 0, 0, .3); box-shadow: 0 0 8px rgba(0, 0, 0, .2)" >x=\frac{-b\pm \sqrt{b^2-4ac}}{2a} </math-field>