Keybindings

Commands to edit and modify a formula can be invoked by pressing some key combinations.

Special Keys

Shift
Ctrl or Control
Option or Alt
Del
Backspace
Command (macOS) or Ctrl (Windows)
Home
End
Page Up
Page Down
Return
Enter
Tab

All Modes

The shortcuts in this section apply in all modes.

Keybinding Result OS
move to previous char
move to next char
move up
move down
extend selection backward
extend selection forward
extend selection upward
extend selection downward
delete backward
delete forward
move to previous word
move to next word
extend to previous word
extend to next word
move to group start
move to group end
extend to group start
extend to group end
space move after parent
space move before parent
move to math field start
extend to math field start
move to math field end
extend to math field end
move to group start
move to group end
move to next placeholder
move to previous placeholder
move to next placeholder
move to previous placeholder
esc switchMode(“latex”)
\
Intl Backslash
= applyStyle({“mode”:“text”})
=
esc complete(“complete”)
In Latex mode: accept-suggestion
complete
⇧esc complete(“reject”)
A select all
A
Cut cut to clipboard
Copy copy to clipboard
Paste paste from clipboard
Clear delete backward
Z undo
Z
Undo
Y redo
Y
Z
Z
Redo
Erase EOF delete to group end
B move to previous char
F move to next char
P move up
N move down
A move to math field start
E move to math field end
B extend selection backward
F extend selection forward
P extend selection upward
N extend selection downward
A extend to math field start
E extend to math field end
B` move to previous word
F` move to next word
B extend to previous word
F extend to next word
H delete backward
D delete forward
L scroll into view
' toggle math/text mode
B $$\int_{\unicode{"2B1A}}^{\unicode{"2B1A}}$$
K toggle keystroke caption
space toggle virtual keyboard
speak(“parent”)
speak(“all”)

Math Mode Only

The shortcuts in this section apply in math mode only.

Keybinding Result OS
space move after parent
space move before parent
move to next placeholder
move to previous placeholder
esc switchMode(“latex”)
\
Intl Backslash
= applyStyle({“mode”:“text”})
' switchMode(“text”)
2 $$\sqrt{\unicode{"2B1A}}$$
5 move to opposite
6 move to superscript
- move to subscript
[ $$\left\lbrack \unicode{"2B1A}\right\rbrack$$
[ $$\left\lbrace \unicode{"2B1A} \right\rbrace$$
add row after
;
;
; add row before
;
, add column after
⌘,
,
⇧⌘,
P $$\pi$$
V $$\sqrt{\unicode{"2B1A}}$$
W $$\sum_{i=\unicode{"2B1A}}^{\unicode{"2B1A}}$$
U $$\cup$$
N $$\cap$$
O $$\emptyset$$
D $$\differentialD$$
O $$\varnothing$$
D $$\partial$$
P $$\prod_{i=\unicode{"2B1A}}^{\unicode{"2B1A}}$$
U $$\bigcup$$
N $$\bigcap$$
A $$\forall$$
E $$\exists$$
5 $$$\infty$$
6 $$\wedge$$
6 $$\vee$$
9 $$($$
0 $$)$$
| $$|$$
\ $$\backslash$$
/ $$\frac{\unicode{"2B1A}}{\unicode{"2B1A}}$$
Numpad / $$\frac{\unicode{"2B1A}}{\unicode{"2B1A}}$$
Numpad / $$\frac{\unicode{"2B1A}}{\unicode{"2B1A}}$$
` \~

Inline Shortcuts

Some sequence of characters can be automatically translated to symbols. For example, typing p followed by i will result in “π”.

If the conversion was not desired, for example you actually meant “pi”, type ctrl/⌘ Z to undo it.

Trigger Result
% $$%$$ \%
'' $$^{\doubleprime}$$ ^{\doubleprime}
alpha $$\alpha$$ \alpha
delta $$\delta$$ \delta
Delta $$\Delta$$ \Delta
pi $$\pi$$
pi $$\pi $$
Pi $$\Pi$$
theta $$\theta$$
Theta $$\Theta$$
ii $$\imaginaryI$$
jj $$\imaginaryJ$$
ee $$\exponentialE$$
nabla $$\nabla$$
grad $$\nabla$$
del $$\partial$$
infty $$\infty$$
$$\infty$$
oo $$\infty$$
$$\sum$$
sum $$\sum_{\unicode{"2B1A}}^{\unicode{"2B1A}}$$ \sum_{\unicode{"2B1A}}^{\unicode{"2B1A}}
int $$\int_{\unicode{"2B1A}}^{\unicode{"2B1A}}$$ \int_{\unicode{"2B1A}}^{\unicode{"2B1A}}
prod $$\prod_{\unicode{"2B1A}}^{\unicode{"2B1A}}$$ \prod_{\unicode{"2B1A}}^{\unicode{"2B1A}}
sqrt $$\sqrt{\unicode{"2B1A}}$$ \sqrt{\unicode{"2B1A}}
$$\differentialD$$ \differentialD
$$\differentialD$$ \differentialD
arcsin $$\arcsin$$ \arcsin
arccos $$\arccos$$ \arccos
arctan $$\arctan$$ \arctan
sin $$\sin$$ \sin
sinh $$\sinh$$ \sinh
cos $$\cos$$ \cos
cosh $$\cosh$$ \cosh
tan $$\tan$$ \tan
tanh $$\tanh$$ \tanh
sec $$\sec$$ \sec
csc $$\csc$$ \csc
cot $$\cot$$ \cot
log $$\log$$ \log
ln $$\ln$$ \ln
exp $$\exp$$ \exp
lim $$\lim_{\unicode{"2B1A}}$$ \lim_{\unicode{"2B1A}}
dx $$\differentialD x$$ \differentialD x
dy $$\differentialD y$$ \differentialD y
dt $$\differentialD t$$ \differentialD t
AA $$\forall$$ \forall
EE $$\exists$$ \exists
!EE $$\nexists$$ \nexists
&& $$\land$$ \land
xin $$x \in$$ x \in
in $$\in$$ \in
!in $$\notin$$ \notin
NN $$\N$$ \N
ZZ $$\Z$$ \Z
QQ $$\Q$$ \Q
RR $$\R$$ \R
CC $$\C$$ \C
PP $$\P$$ \P
xx $$\times$$ \times
+- $$\pm$$ \pm
!= $$\ne$$ \ne
>= $$\ge$$ \ge
<= $$\le$$ \le
<< $$\ll$$ \ll
>> $$\gg$$ \gg
~~ $$\approx$$ \approx
$$\approx$$ \approx
?= $$\questeq$$ \questeq
÷ $$\div$$ \div
¬ $$\neg$$ \neg
:= $$\coloneq$$ \coloneq
:: $$\Colon$$ \Colon
(: $$\langle$$ \langle
:) $$\rangle$$ \rangle
beta $$\beta$$ \beta
chi $$\chi$$ \chi
epsilon $$\epsilon$$ \epsilon
varepsilon $$\varepsilon$$ \varepsilon
eta $$\eta$$ \eta
eta $$\eta $$ \eta
gamma $$\gamma$$ \gamma
Gamma $$\Gamma$$ \Gamma
iota $$\iota$$ \iota
kappa $$\kappa$$ \kappa
lambda $$\lambda$$ \lambda
Lambda $$\Lambda$$ \Lambda
mu $$\mu$$ \mu
mu $$\mu $$ \mu
nu $$\nu$$ \nu
nu $$\nu $$ \nu
µ $$\mu$$ \mu
phi $$\phi$$ \phi
Phi $$\Phi$$ \Phi
varphi $$\varphi$$ \varphi
psi $$\psi$$ \psi
Psi $$\Psi$$ \Psi
rho $$\rho$$ \rho
sigma $$\sigma$$ \sigma
Sigma $$\Sigma$$ \Sigma
tau $$\tau$$ \tau
vartheta $$\vartheta$$ \vartheta
upsilon $$\upsilon$$ \upsilon
xi $$\xi$$ \xi
Xi $$\Xi$$ \Xi
zeta $$\zeta$$ \zeta
omega $$\omega$$ \omega
Omega $$\Omega$$ \Omega
Ω $$\omega$$ \omega
forall $$\forall$$ \forall
exists $$\exists$$ \exists
!exists $$\nexists$$ \nexists
:. $$\therefore$$ \therefore
liminf $$\operatorname*{lim~inf}_{\unicode{"2B1A}}$$ \operatorname*{lim~inf}_{\unicode{"2B1A}}
limsup $$\operatorname*{lim~sup}_{\unicode{"2B1A}}$$ \operatorname*{lim~sup}_{\unicode{"2B1A}}
argmin $$\operatorname*{arg~min}_{\unicode{"2B1A}}$$ \operatorname*{arg~min}_{\unicode{"2B1A}}
argmax $$\operatorname*{arg~max}_{\unicode{"2B1A}}$$ \operatorname*{arg~max}_{\unicode{"2B1A}}
det $$\det$$ \det
mod $$\mod$$ \mod
max $$\max$$ \max
min $$\min$$ \min
erf $$\operatorname{erf}$$ \operatorname{erf}
erfc $$\operatorname{erfc}$$ \operatorname{erfc}
bessel $$\operatorname{bessel}$$ \operatorname{bessel}
mean $$\operatorname{mean}$$ \operatorname{mean}
median $$\operatorname{median}$$ \operatorname{median}
fft $$\operatorname{fft}$$ \operatorname{fft}
lcm $$\operatorname{lcm}$$ \operatorname{lcm}
gcd $$\operatorname{gcd}$$ \operatorname{gcd}
randomReal $$\operatorname{randomReal}$$ \operatorname{randomReal}
randomInteger $$\operatorname{randomInteger}$$ \operatorname{randomInteger}
Re $$\operatorname{Re}$$ \operatorname{Re}
Im $$\operatorname{Im}$$ \operatorname{Im}
mm $$\operatorname{mm}$$ \operatorname{mm}
cm $$\operatorname{cm}$$ \operatorname{cm}
km $$\operatorname{km}$$ \operatorname{km}
kg $$\operatorname{kg}$$ \operatorname{kg}
... $$\ldots$$ \ldots
+... $$+\cdots$$ +\cdots
-... $$-\cdots$$ -\cdots
->... $$\to\cdots$$ \to\cdots
-> $$\to$$ \to
` ->`
--> $$\longrightarrow$$
<-- $$\longleftarrow$$
=> $$\Rightarrow$$
==> $$\Longrightarrow$$
<=> $$\Leftrightarrow$$
<-> $$\leftrightarrow$$
(.) $$\odot$$
(+) $$\oplus$$
(/) $$\oslash$$
(*) $$\otimes$$
(-) $$\ominus$$
|| $$\Vert$$
{ $$\{$$
} $$\}$$
* $$\cdot$$

ASCII Math

Trigger Result
@ $$\circ$$ \circ
$ $$$$$ \$
% $$%$$ \%
# $$#$$ \#
* $$\cdot$$
** $$\ast$$
*** $$\star$$
// $$\slash$$
\\ $$\backslash$$ \backslash
setminus $$\backslash$$ \backslash
` ><`
`>< `
` ><
-: $$\div$$ \div
divide $$\div$$ \div
o+ $$\oplus$$ \oplus
ox $$\otimes$$ \otimes
o. $$\odot$$ \odot
^^ $$\wedge$$ \wedge
^^^ $$\bigwedge$$ \bigwedge
vv $$\vee$$ \vee
vvv $$\bigvee$$ \bigvee
nn $$\cap$$ \cap
nnn $$\bigcap$$ \bigcap
uu $$\cup$$ \cup
uuu $$\bigcup$$ \bigcup
-= $$\equiv$$ \equiv
~= $$\cong$$ \cong
lt $$<$$ <
lt= $$\leq$$ \leq
gt $$>$$ >
gt= $$\geq$$ \geq
-< $$\prec$$ \prec
-lt $$\prec$$ \prec
-<= $$\preceq$$ \preceq
>-= $$\succeq$$ \succeq
prop $$\propto$$ \propto
diamond $$\diamond$$ \diamond
square $$\square$$ \square
iff $$\iff$$ \iff
sub $$\subset$$ \subset
sup $$\supset$$ \supset
sube $$\subseteq$$ \subseteq
supe $$\supseteq$$ \supseteq
uarr $$\uparrow$$ \uparrow
darr $$\downarrow$$ \downarrow
rarr $$\rightarrow$$ \rightarrow
rArr $$\Rightarrow$$ \Rightarrow
larr $$\leftarrow$$ \leftarrow
lArr $$\Leftarrow$$ \Leftarrow
harr $$\leftrightarrow$$ \leftrightarrow
hArr $$\Leftrightarrow$$ \Leftrightarrow
aleph $$\aleph$$ \aleph
and $$\land$$ \land
or $$\lor$$ \lor
not $$\neg$$ \neg
`_ _`
TT $$\top$$ \top
` –`
` ==`
` __`
`__ `
` ~`
`~ `
>-> $$\rightarrowtail$$ \rightarrowtail
->> $$\twoheadrightarrow$$ \twoheadrightarrow
>->> $$\twoheadrightarrowtail$$ \twoheadrightarrowtail